What is AI (Artificial Intelligence)?

What is artificial intellegence

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“Hey Google, make me laugh!”

That’s how Artificial Intelligence (AI) brings in a new era of human-like intelligence. But what exactly is AI and how does it make machines smart? Before we dive into the definition of AI (Artificial Intelligence), let’s understand what intelligence means.

“Intelligence is the ability to learn new things and solve problems.”

So, the goal of AI is to make machines smart so they can act intelligently. But how do we measure their intelligence?

If computers can solve real-world problems by learning from their experiences, they are considered “intelligent.” This allows AI systems to “think” and be more adaptable.

In simple terms, artificial intelligence is a “copy” of human-like thinking capacity that can absorb and process information gained through exposure.

What is Artificial Intelligence?

AI is a set of technologies that work together to make robots sense, interpret, act, and learn with human-like intelligence. It’s a broad field used in almost every industry, giving a technological advantage to those who use it on a large scale.

History of Artificial Intelligence

Although the term AI isn’t new, it became a buzzword recently. The idea of machines thinking like humans dates back to earlier thinkers like Vannevar Bush and Alan Turing. The goal was to achieve human-level intellect in robots.

What Does Artificial Intelligence Entail?

AI is not just a part of computer science; it involves various disciplines like mathematics, biology, psychology, sociology, and statistics. These elements contribute to building intelligent machines.

What are the various types of AI (Artificial Intelligence)

There are basically three type of AI, They are given below:

Type 1:

  • Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI): Solves specific problems effectively.
  • Artificial General Intelligence (AGI): Aims for human-level cognitive functions.
  • Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI): Envisions surpassing human abilities.

Type 2:

  • Strong AI: Machines with human-like consciousness.
  • Weak AI: Limited intelligent capabilities, like virtual assistants.

Type 3:

  • Reactive Machines: Basic AI with no memory use.
  • Limited Memory: Can look back in time for certain tasks.
  • Theory of Mind: Understanding human thoughts and emotions.
  • Self-awareness: Machines constructing representations about themselves.

Objectives of Artificial Intelligence

  1. Replicate human intelligence.
  2. Solve complex problems.
  3. Connect perception and action intelligently.
  4. Create machines for tasks requiring human-like intelligence.

Need of Artificial Intelligence

  1. Solve real-world problems quickly and accurately.
  2. Develop personal virtual assistants.
  3. Deploy robots in life-threatening situations.
  4. Unleash new technologies and opportunities.

Applications of AI

AI is used in astronomy, business, medical field, gaming, finance, manufacturing, data security, social media, travel, transportation, automotive industry, robotics, and more.

Benefits of Artificial Intelligence

  1. High accuracy.
  2. High speed.
  3. High reliability.
  4. Works without interruption.
  5. Useful in high-risk scenarios.
  6. Optimal resource utilization.
  7. Digital assistance.

Drawbacks of Artificial Intelligence

  1. High cost.
  2. Lack of creativity.
  3. No feelings or emotions.

Careers in Artificial Intelligence

The demand for AI jobs has been consistently on the rise in recent years and is expected to grow rapidly in the future. About 57 percent of Indian companies aim to recruit individuals who align with the current market trends. Those who successfully transition into AI careers have experienced an average income boost of 60-70 percent.

Roles include user experience, natural language processing, researcher, research scientist, software engineer, AI engineer, analytical data expert, machine learning engineer, data scientist, business intelligence developer, and big data engineer.

Future of Artificial Intelligence

Expect advancements in language processing, self-driving cars, and the pursuit of general intelligence. Ethical concerns will play a crucial role in shaping AI’s future.


With breakthroughs in facial recognition, AI in medicine, and self-driving cars, now is a great time to explore a career in Artificial Intelligence. AI is already making our lives easier, and there’s much more to come.

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